#system #predictability #logic


Large systems are depending on too many initial parameters (too many "butterflies") to be predictable with certainty. Some of these variables can be very fine and marginal compared to the consequence, and yet be part of the necessary causality chain. That is why when looking at a tornado in Florida, a butterfly flapping its wing in Kansas was part of the necessary causes ; thus colloquially making it a cause of the tornado.

This last point is another important component of the butterfly effect: the tornado in Kansas is not caused by the butterfly directly, rather, the butterfly is part of a necessary causal chain[1].



Decouple outcome and decision